Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the MLA Handbook, 8th edition. All examples are from the MLA Handbook, 8th edition.
Cite the author’s name with the surname first, followed by the rest of the name as it appears in the source (p. 21). In some cases, the author will not be a person but an organization of some type instead, such as a government agency (p. 25).
Jacobs, Alan. The Pleasures of Reading in an Age of Distraction. Oxford UP, 2011.
United Nations. Consequences of Rapid Population Growth in Developing Countries. Taylor and Francis, 1991.
If the Works Cited list includes two or more entries by the same author(s), give the author(s) name(s) in the first entry only. In subsequent entries, use three hyphens in place of the names, followed by a period and the title. Arrange the works in alphabetical order by title (pp. 113-14).
Borroff, Marie. Language and the Poet: Verbal Artistry in Frost, Stevens, and Moore. U of Chicago P, 1979
"Sound Symbolism as Drama in the Poetry of Robert Frost." PMLA, vol. 107, no. 1, Jan. 1992, pp. 131-44. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/462806.
To cite a source with two authors, give their names in the same order as listed in the source. Reverse only the name of the first author, add a comma, and give the other name in normal form. Place a period after the last name (p. 21). To cite a source with three or more authors, name only the first author followed by et al. (p. 22).
Burdick, Anne, et al. Digital_Humanities. MIT P, 2012.
Dorris, Michael, and Louise Erdrich. The Crown of Columbus. HarperCollins Publishers, 1999.
If there is no author, begin the entry with the title (p. 24).
In a reference to an edited book, insert the editor's name in place of the author's name, followed by a comma and the word "editor" (without the quotation marks) (p. 23).