south texas college

HIST 1301 Course Guide

United States History I

Founding Documents

Constitutional Amendments

The Bill of Rights

1st Amendment

Protects freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly and the right to petition the government.

2nd Amendment

Protects the right to keep and bear arms

3rd Amendment

Restricts the quartering of soldiers in private homes

4th Amendment

Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and sets out requirements for search warrants based on probable cause

5th Amendment

Sets out rules for indictment by grand jury and eminent domain, protects the right to due process, and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy

6th Amendment

Protects the right to a speedy public trial by jury, to notification of criminal accusations, to confront the accuser, to obtain witnesses and to retain counsel

7th Amendment

Provides for the right to a jury trial in civil lawsuits

8th Amendment

Prohibits excessive fines and excessive bail, as well as cruel and unusual punishment

9th Amendment

States that rights not enumerated in the Constitution are retained by the people

10th Amendment

States that the federal government possesses only those powers delegated, or enumerated, to it through the Constitution

Amendments After Bill of Rights (up to 1865)

11th Amendment

Makes states immune from suits from out-of-state citizens and foreigners not living within the state borders; lays the foundation for state sovereign immunity

12th Amendment

Revises presidential election procedures by having the president and vice president elected together as opposed to the vice president being the runner up in the presidential election

Source: Wikipedia