Scientific papers as well as lab reports follow the “IMRaD” format:
Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion.
Explains why you are carrying out the research, provides a literature review of the research that has already been done by others, and presents the hypothesis or research question to be carried out.
Materials and Methods
Provides the methods, techniques, and materials used to carry out the research. The details are thorough enough for others to duplicate the research.
Provide the findings without any interpretations and will include tables and graphs.
Provides interpretations of the findings and attempt to explain the observations.
A conclusion will summarize the findings and limitations of the experiment which should lead to questions for future research to explore.
Additionally, the scientific paper will include an abstract at the beginning of the paper that summarizes the article and the references consulted are listed at the end of the paper.
For further guidelines on APA citations, visit: